The Computer Emergency Response Team of India (CERT-In) is a functional organisation under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Government of India.
On 28 April 2022, the Computer Emergency Response Team of India (CERT-In) issued directions under sub-section (6) of section 70B of the Information Technology Act of 2000, relating to information security practices, procedure, prevention, response and reporting of cyber incidents for safe & trusted Internet. The directions were set to be effective as from 60 days from the date of issue, i.e they became effective as from 27 June 2022.
These directions require Data Centers, Virtual Private Server (VPS) providers, Cloud Service providers and Virtual Private Network Service (VPN Service) providers to:
As a result of these privacy-shattering instructions, NordVPN has shut down its servers in India since 26 June 2022. However, NordVPN services are still available in India.
ExpressVPN says that it refuses to participate in the Indian government's attempts to limit Internet freedom.
They have removed their servers from India and instead they are providing VPN servers located in Singapore and the UK with Indian IP addresses. Users may select the VPN server location "India (via Singapore)" or "India (via UK)".